World Bank, AU launch 2011 World Development Report

Officials of both the World Bank and the African Union (AU) in Addis Ababa have launched
the 2011 World Development Report, published by the World Bank.

Sarah Cliff, a World Bank Representative, and Ramtane Lamamra, the AU Commissioner for
Peace and Security, represented the two bodies at the occasion.

Presenting the executive summary of the report, which was titled ‘Conflict, Security and
Development', Ms Cliff said it focused on peace, security, conflict, human rights violation,
suffering of people, and violence.

"It focuses on development initiative and development in Africa, impact on development and
violence, trends of violence and development, forms of violence as it affects development,
increased crime, and drug trafficking in Africa," she said.

Ms Cliff said the report also looked at internal and external pressures on society, among other
issues.

"These are the high levels of unemployment, youth recruitment into rebel movements and
gangs, and impacts of economic shocks, especially from high prices of food," she said.

She added that some of the solutions identified by the report include violence prevention
between states and citizens, and restoring confidence between groups, societies,
organisations, nations and communities.

The report also identifies the role of organisations like the AU Commission which have a
regional approach and solution to economic crises beyond individual countries.

Lessons from other lands

She said lessons learnt from Ghana, Liberia, and Mozambique, which recovered from
economic shocks, include the use of a bottom-up approach.

"This approach is to empower citizens for economic growth, ensure security, justice
reform mixed with traditional institutions, and job creation for the youth. Women agencies
should also be incorporated in poverty reduction and eradication programmes, while the
strengthening of anti-corruption agencies will ensure judicious use of state resources," Ms
Cliff said.

The World Bank representative said about 1.5 billion people were affected by violence and
conflict.

"This means that children of those affected were deprived of schools, decent accommodation,
adequate food and water, among other health issues."

Earlier, Mr Lamamra had said the AU Commission would continue to collaborate with the
World Bank, especially in the area of conflict prevention, management, and continental
development in general. He gave the assurance that the AU would strengthen its partnership

with the World Bank in order to reduce conflict on the continent.

The 58-page report is divided into three parts. Part one focuses on the challenges of repeated
cycles of violence, while part two talks about a roadmap for breaking cycles of violence
at the country level. The roadmap includes restoring confidence and transforming the
instrument that provides citizen security, justice, and jobs.

Part three discusses the reduction of the risk of violence as a direction for international
policy, which includes adopting community level programmes designed by country context.

This is the first time the report has been launched in Africa.

NAN

Author: nmmin

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