By Kede Aihie
As Nigeria celebrate its 60th independence anniversary, a lot of issues in the past six decades, require reflection.
When the union jack was lowered for the last time before mid night on 1st October 1960 and replaced with a new Nigerian flag (green white green). There was high optimism, for a new, peaceful and prosperous Nigeria.
Nigeria was poised to lead Africa in *commerce, trade and politics.*
This optimism was cut short, six years later, by Nigeria’s first military coup d’état, on 15 January 1966, led by Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogu.
What defined the first decade of Nigeria’s independence was political instability, civil war (1967 to 1970). By the end of the civil war, over two million Nigerians in the Southeast lost their lives.